In the present context of the manifestation of the financial crisis on a global level and the permanent will of the leading powers of the world of changing the influential areas in order to seize and manage the global resources(in the condition of a more and more pronounced globalization) the importance of an existing harmonious correlation of a social-economic development with an environment as healthy and optimal as possible regarding present and future generation is absolutely mandatory.
Protected areas are the result of the awareness of the danger which the depreciation of the natural environmental conditions and the negative effects generated by this depreciation represents for man an it’s activities. In essence, these are terrestrial or aquatic areas dedicated especially for protection and maintaining biological diversity and natural and cultural resources associated and managed legally or with other efficient means.
In 2006, an EU Biodiversity Action Plan was drawn up by the European Commission and subsequently endorsed by the EU’s 27 Environment Ministers. Its aim was to set out a comprehensive programme of actions and targets which would enable the EU to meet its commitment to halt biodiversity loss by 2010.” (EU Biodiversity Action Plan: 2010 Assessment)
“The Business and Biodiversity Programme was established in 2003 to influence and support private partners in addressing environmental and social issues. The Programme’s key priority, based on a strategy approved by the IUCN Council, is to engage the business sectors that have a significant impact on natural resources and livelihoods. These include large ‘footprint’ industries such as mining, and oil and gas, biodiversity-dependent industries including fishing, agriculture and forestry, financial services and “green” enterprises such as organic farming, renewable energy and nature-based tourism.” (Global Business and Biodiversity Programme)